On February 18, 2009, the Port of Los Angeles and
the Port of Long Beach began collecting the long-delayed Clean
Truck Fee (CTF). This $35 per 20ft container and $70 per 40ft container fee is an essential part of the Clean
Trucks Programs at the ports, which aim to improve air quality at the ports by banning all pre-2007 trucks from the
ports by 2012. The CTF was originally slated to begin along with the Clean Trucks Programs’ October 1,
2008 ban on pre-1989 trucks, but was postponed twice due to challenges from the Federal Maritime Commission.
Local media in Southern California reported that the first day of CTF collection resulted in long lines and heavy
traffic as hundreds of truckers were denied entry to the ports. To facilitate CTF collection the Ports require
trucks to be equipped with working radio frequency ID tags. Many truckers were not in compliance with this
requirement. Despite these problems, PortCheck, the
non-profit organization established by the ports and marine terminal operators to handle CTF collection, reported
that collection of the fees was going “fairly smoothly.”
Full containers moving in and out of the ports by truck are subject to the CTF, except when they are moved by
trucks that qualify for exemptions from the CTF. Containers moving by way of on-dock rail are not subject to
the CTF. However, containers moving inland via rail that leave port terminals by truck before they are loaded
on trains are subject to the CTF. The CTF is not levied on empty containers, bulk cargo and other
non-container cargo moving by truck through the ports.
CTF exemptions and discounts are available for containers moved by 2007 or newer diesel or alternative fuel
trucks. Some trucks are fully exempt from the CTF, but others do not qualify for these exemptions.
The two ports have separate requirements for these exemptions. At the Port of Long Beach, many containers
moved by privately funded 2007 or newer diesel trucks are assessed only one-half of the CTF. For more detailed
information on the Clean Truck Fee visit http://www.portcheck.org/.
On February 11, 2009, the Federal Maritime Commission voted to require all parties of the Port Fees Service
No. 201199, to file reports with the Commission regarding CTF collection. Agreement No. 201199 allows
the Ports of Long Beach, Los Angeles and marine terminal operators to work together to collect the CTF. The
FMC will use these reports to closely monitor the Clean Truck Fee and assess its impact on the trucking industry,
shippers and consumers. In October 2008, the FMC filed for a permanent injunction against
“anti-competitive” aspects of the Clean Truck Programs in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. A ruling in this case is expected
later this year.
The Federal Maritime Commission announced the withdrawal of the Transpacific Stabilization Agreement’s (TSA) proposed
agreement amendment authorizing TSA members to discuss vessel capacity. On February 10, 2009 the TSA notified
the FMC of its decision to withdraw the proposed amendment to FMC Agreement No.
011223. In December 2008, the TSA, whose 14 member carriers serve the East Asia/USA trade lane, filed an
agreement amendment with the FMC that would have authorized members to discuss and agree upon vessel capacity.
According to the FMC, the TSA was considering developing a coordinated capacity rationalization program to assist
member carriers in dealing with the global decline in liner cargo volume. Many in the shipping industry
criticized this amendment as a step backwards for the industry. The amendment withdrawal came after the
Federal Maritime Commission unanimously denied the TSA’s request for expedited agreement review
and requested additional
information from TSA member lines.
The carrier members of the Transpacific Stabilization Agreement (TSA), FMC Agreement No. 011223,
serving the East Asia/USA trade lane announced increased Inland Fuel Charges (IFC) for the period of April to June
2009 and an increased Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF) for Japan. The TSA also announced Bunker Adjustment
Factors (BAF) for April 2009 will be the same as those announced earlier for March 2009.
Inland Fuel Charges (IFC) effective April 1, 2009 to June 30, 2009 will be increased as follows: US$ 153 per
container for shipments to IPI destinations served via West Coast Ports, US$ 77 per container for shipments to RIPI
destinations served via East Coast Ports, and US$ 44 per container for shipments to Group 4 Points in California,
Oregon and Washington and to East Coast local store door points. The Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF) for
Japan will be increased from 11 to 16 percent for the period of April to June 2009.
Bunker Adjustment Factors (BAF) for April 2009 will remain at current levels of US$ 328 per 20ft container, US$ 410
per 40ft container, US$ 461 per 40ft hi-cube container, US$ 519 per 45ft container and US$ 9 per WM. The TSA
Carriers continue to update BAF on a monthly basis. IFC is adjusted every three months. The TSA’s
14 carrier members are American President Lines, CSCL, CMA-CGM, COSCO Container Lines, Evergreen Marine,
Hanjin Shipping, Hapag-Lloyd Container Line, Hyundai Merchant Marine, “K” Line, Mediterranean Shipping,
NYK Line, OOCL, Yang Ming Marine and Zim Integrated Shipping Services. Visit http://www.tsacarriers.org.
The Westbound Transpacific Stabilization Agreement (WTSA), FMC Agreement No.
011325, whose member lines serve the US export trades from the USA to East Asia, announced April 1 reductions to
Bunker Adjustment Factors (BAF) and Inland Fuel Charges (IFC) and revisions to Currency Adjustment Factors
(CAF). Some WTSA members are charging the following BAF for dry and reefer container cargo for the period of
April to June 2009.
The Inland Fuel Charge (IFC) for April to June 2009 will be reduced to US$ 153 per container for rail and
intermodal rail/truck shipments, and US$ 44 per container for local/regional truck shipments. Currency
Adjustment Factors (CAF) effective April 1 through June 30, 2009 are as follows: Japan 0%, Korea 0%, Taiwan 4% (down
from 5%) and Singapore 14% (up from 11%). The WTSA updates CAF, BAF and IFC surcharges on a quarterly
basis. The WTSA’s 10 member carriers are American President Lines, COSCO
Container Lines, Evergreen Marine Corp., Hanjin Shipping, Hapag-Lloyd
Container Line, Hyundai Merchant Marine, “K” Line, NYK Line, OOCL
and Yang Ming Marine. For more information visit www.wtsacarriers.org.
The Panama Canal Authority is increasing full
container vessel tolls as of May 1, 2009. The canal authority approved a 2009 toll increase of 10.1
percent. This increase will be implemented in two phases. Tolls will increase on May 1, 2009 and again
on October 1, 2009. To cover administrative costs many carriers have filed canal surcharges at levels slightly
higher than the tolls actually assessed by the Canal Authority. Many carriers have updated their tariffs to
begin charging the following surcharges May 1, 2009: $ 297 per container (all sizes), $
6 per CBM and $ 14 per KT. In order to pass these charges along to shippers, ocean
carriers and NVOCCs must file these surcharges in their FMC tariffs.
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